Si è svolto a fine settembre, in Vaticano, un Seminario promosso congiuntamente da Pontificio Consiglio della Giustizia e della Pace e Pontificia Accademia delle Scienze, sull'enciclica Laudato Si' e il percorso che conduce alla COP22 di Marrakech (7-18 novembre 2016).
A più di un anno dalla pubblicazione dell'Enciclica di Papa Francesco sulla «cura della casa comune», e dopo lo storico accordo sul clima raggiunto alla COP21 di Parigi, l'appuntamento Onu in Marocco può rappresentare un'ulteriore importante tappa nel cammino che il pianeta deve con urgenza compiere per rimediare alle conseguenze dei cambiamenti climatici.
Al Seminario vaticano hanno partecipato autorevoli rappresentanti del mondo ecclesiale ed accademico, impegnati nello studio delle problematiche connesse all'ecologia integrale. Tra gli altri il cardinale Peter K.A. Turkson, presidente dello stesso Pontificio Consiglio della Giustizia e della Pace, mons. Silvano M. Tomasi, Osservatore permanente della Santa Sede presso le Nazioni Unite a Ginevra, gli economisti Jeffrey Sachs e Stefano Zamagni. Tra i partecipanti anche Giacomo Costa SJ e Paolo Foglizzo, direttore e redattore di Aggiornamenti Sociali.
Al termine dell'incontro è stato firmato uno statement che pubblichiamo di seguito nella versione inglese.
Laudato Si’ and the Path to COP 22
The Paris Climate Agreement is historic. For the first time since the signing of the 1992 UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), all countries have agreed to act in order to protect the planet. The core goals include: (1) keeping warming to “well below 2-degrees C” and “to pursue efforts to keep below 1.5-degree C”; (2) enabling countries to adapt to the adverse impacts already underway; and (3) ensuring the flow of fair and equitable financing to achieve the climate goals.
COP22 in Marrakech, Morocco, November 7-18, 2016, will be the first meeting of the Parties since the Paris Agreement. We urge all the signatories of the Paris Agreement to move forward together with determination, urgency, shared values and a common global plan. We emphasize the following opportunities and priorities.
First, the Paris Climate Agreement should be understood as a pillar of the world’s overarching commitment to integral and sustainable human development, including the universally agreed Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). In the words of Laudato Si’, the SDGs and the Paris Climate Agreement reflect the need for “one world with a common plan.”
Second, with the Paris Climate Agreement entering into force on November 4, 2016 and with 75 countries having ratified the agreement as of October 7, 2016, the remaining 121 parties that have not yet ratified the agreement should expeditiously do so;
Third, all signatory countries should insist on the universality of the agreement. The Paris Agreement is a common plan for our common home. No individual country should absent itself from the timely ratification and implementation of the Paris Climate Agreement;
Fourth, all countries should participate in COP22 with the firm intention of adopting Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) to 2030 and Long-Term Low-Greenhouse Gas Emission Development Strategies (LEDS) to 2050 that are sufficiently bold to achieve the limits on global warming in the Paris Agreement;
Fifth, technical experts from all signatory countries should participate in the Low-Emission Solutions Conference (LESC) at COP22, hosted by the Government of Morocco for the purpose of disseminating best practices and ideas on how best to achieve the goals of the Paris Climate Agreement.
Sixth, all signatory countries should professionally address the key roles of their national energy systems, national agriculture systems, and land use policies, in order to implement the Paris Agreement objectives;
Seventh, in implementing national land use policies, governments, business, and civil society should aim for several crucial objectives: to end deforestation; restore degraded lands; protect biodiversity and ecosystems; and crucially, to empower indigenous populations who are often the stewards of the threatened lands;
Eighth, all countries should agree in good faith to cooperate on adequate Climate Financing, with the high-income countries honoring their long-standing pledges in transparency and sincerity to provide at least $100 billion per year by 2020 to the low-income countries to finance energy transformation, land restoration, and adaptation and resilience;
Ninth, all signatories should honor the collective commitment to implement international mechanisms for “Losses and Damages,” and notably to compensate countries that are suffering extreme weather and climate events (including heat waves, epidemic diseases, rising sea levels, droughts, floods, and extreme tropical cyclones) linked to human-induced climate change.
Tenth, all stakeholders, including governments, business, and civil society, should promote the education of today’s young people in the sciences and ethical values of integral human development and sustainable development. All educational institutions should strive to update their curricula and teaching programs to educate young people in these great challenges.
Margaret S. Archer
Giacomo Costa S.J.
Michael Czerny S.J.
Sheila Kinsey, FCJM
Card. Theodore E. McCarrick
Sean McDonagh, SSC
Sonia Ehrlich Sachs
Marcelo Sánchez Sorondo
Silvano M. Tomasi
Card. Peter K.A. Turkson
Pedro Walpole SJ
Takaaki Pio Yasuoka